Outline the following steps for conducting QUANTITATIVE Research:

  1. Describe the Research Problem and Questions,
  2. Describe the Review of Literature,
  3. Explain the design,
  4. Outline the sample selection

Conducting QUANTITATIVE Research

Step 1: Describe the Research Problem and Questions

  • Clearly define the research problem and the specific questions you wish to answer through your study.
  • Identify the variables of interest and the population or sample that will be studied.
  • Provide a rationale for why the research is important and what gap in knowledge it aims to fill.

Step 2: Describe the Review of Literature

  • Conduct a thorough review of existing literature on the research problem to gain a better understanding of the current state of knowledge.
  • Identify key studies and theories that are relevant to the research problem and questions.
  • Use the literature review to inform the research design and to determine what data needs to be collected.

Step 3: Explain the design

  • Describe the overall design of the study, including the type of research (e.g. experimental, observational, etc.) and the specific methods that will be used.
  • Define the variables and how they will be measured.
  • Explain the procedures for collecting and analyzing data, including any statistical techniques that will be used.

Step 4: Outline the sample selection

  • Identify the population from which the sample will be drawn.
  • Describe the sample size and the sampling technique that will be used (e.g. random sampling, stratified sampling, etc.).
  • Explain how the sample was selected and any steps taken to ensure that it is representative of the population.
  • Provide details on any sampling limitations and how they will be addressed.

Overall, it is important to keep in mind that these steps are not necessarily linear, but rather an iterative process, where you may revisit previous steps to adjust or refine your research design as you progress. Additionally, it is important to ensure that your research design is ethical and complies with institutional and governmental guidelines.

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